Biodiversity

ECOSYSTEM SERVICES MARKETS

Ecosystem Services Market Consortium

Healthy soils are paramount to the future of the agriculture industry, maintaining ecosystem function, and sustaining plant communities. Unfortunately, some management practices have led to physical soil loss via erosion and a large decline in soil organic matter. It has been estimated that nearly 40% of the earth’s arable lands have been degraded at some level by anthropogenic activities due to soil erosion, extensive soil cultivation, and over grazing. With approximately 70% of U.S. land in private ownership, it is clear that America’s farmers and ranchers are on the front lines for addressing our nation’s natural resource challenges.

SOURCE: Ecosystem Services Market Consortium

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SOIL HEALTH & BIODIVERSITY

Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas

Soils are vital for human survival and underpin many sectors of our economy. It is estimated that 99 % of the world’s food comes from the terrestrial environment. But soils are also home to over a quarter of global biodiversity. Millions of soil-dwelling organisms promote essential ecosystem services – from plant growth to food production. They support biodiversity, benefit human health, promote the regulation of nutrient cycles that in turn influence climate, and represent an unexplored capital of natural sources.

SOURCE: Orgiazzi, A., Bardgett, R.D., Barrios, E., Behan-Pelletier, V., Briones, M.J.I., Chotte, J-L., De Deyn, G.B., Eggleton, P., Fierer, N., Fraser, T., Hedlund, K., Jeffery, S., Johnson, N.C., Jones, A., Kandeler, E., Kaneko, N., Lavelle, P., Lemanceau, P., Miko, L., Montanarella, L., Moreira, F.M.S., Ramirez, K.S., Scheu, S., Singh, B.K., Six, J., van der Putten, W.H., Wall, D.H. (Eds.), 2016, Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas. European Commission, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. 176 pp.

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